Workshop of fallas
Get to know the Fallas (Intangible Heritage of Humanity) and create your own ninot or Falla figure.
Workshop of Fallas in Valencia
With this experience in Valencia you will get to the deepest part of our roots. With this Fallas Workshop in Valencia you will get to know closely the world of Fallas, Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. Not only will you see them but you will touch them and feel them in your own skin.
First the theory: fallero museum
The first stop of our Fallas Workshop takes place in the Fallero Museum. There our official guide explains and shows everything related to the Fallas. What is their origin and how they have evolved over the years to what they are today. An audiovisual helps to understand much better the history of the Fallas.
Fallas are part of the DNA of the Valencians and for us they have all their meaning. It is a unique and very particular tradition. However, it can be strange for outsiders to understand the Fallas festival and even for us to explain them in such a way that they understand!
Thanks to the audiovisual, not only the origin of this festivity and its evolution will be known, but also what they consist of.
It is important to know all the festive acts that take place during the Fallas as well as all the elements that are characteristic of them.
Gunpowder is vital to this festivity. In fact, it is said that “Valencians carry gunpowder in their veins”. It would be hard to understand what Fallas are without firecrackers, fireworks castles and, above all, the traditional mascletá.
It is difficult to explain what a mascletá is, the easiest thing is to hear it and above all to live it. How to explain what it feels like when the presence… is complicated. Your skin is bristling and you get excited after a few minutes of explosions to the beat that ends with the traditional “earthquake”. It’s something you can’t explain, something you have to feel to understand.
Like gunpowder,Fallas wouldn’t be the same without music. This is the responsibility of the numerous music bands that have been distributed throughout the Valencian territory. There are more than 1,100 musical groups. The music accompanies any festive act in the Valencian Community. And in fact, the 40,000 musicians of the Valencian Community represent 50% of those in Spain.
The Fallas monument
Of course, the traditional Fallas monuments, the main protagonist during this festivity, cannot be absent.
Throughout the city these monuments are exhibited in the middle of the street. Each Falla or group of falleros “plants” its own monument, one big and the other one for children that will be exposed during 4 days, from the 15th (official day of the “plantà”) to the 19th of March (day of the “cremà”) when they get burned. In 2018 more than 700 fallas were exhibited in the city of Valencia, counting the large ones and the children’s ones.
The essence of the falla or fallero monument is criticism. Through the ninots, or figures that form the monument and that we will work in this Workshop of Fallas, it is made denunciation or social, political, economic criticism, etc. This criticism is made through satirical scenes or in the form of mockery that do not leave impassive to who contemplates them. Despite the fact that not all Fallas are equally satirical, there is no lack of criticism and humour.
During the Fallas Workshop we will learn firsthand how these great works of art that are the Fallas are made.
The Valencian costume
The Valencian costume is one of the most beautiful regional costumes you can contemplate.
Its origin lies in the clothing worn by Valencian women farmers to work. They were much more humble and simple than they are today.
Already in the 18th century, and taking that suit as a base, is transformed to be used in festive events. Its adornments and materials are enriched and it is the one that reaches our days. Although in the nineteenth century appears the lantern sleeve. Nowadays both are used by the Valencian women especially during the festive acts of the fallas.
The main difference between both types of dress is the upper part. The 18th century suit has a tight bodice that falls out of the skirt and the sleeves are equally tight up to the elbow. While the 19th century suit has the shortest and lantern sleeves and the bodice goes inside. In addition, as far as the hairstyle is concerned, the 18th century costume has a bow and comb, while the 19th century costume has 3 bows, one larger behind and 2 smaller on the temples, as well as the dressing with pearls forming a cluster.
The Valencian costume or fallera costume can have a cost from 500 euros up to more than 15.000 according to the materials and the design. The most expensive are those made with espolín silk as they are made entirely by hand in a handmade way, which makes them unique.
Lower part of the Valencian costume or fallera costume
Reviewing from bottom to top and from inside to outside, traditional Valencian clothing consists of:
- Shoes embroidered in fabric (usually with the same fabric as the dress). The style is very varied, for example the Louis XV style with spiked heel.
- Socks or calces of cotton, wool or silk in white, fretwork and embroidery.
- Pololos or calçonets that are pants that reach the knee. It should be remembered that underwear as we know it today did not begin to be worn until the 20th century.
- Underskirt, white lack of cotton or thread that serves to give flight and volume to the outer skirt.
- Skirt or guardapiés, is the outer skirt, the most showy part of the suit, made with fabrics such as rayon or silk, printed and embroidered with motifs and bright colors and also with gold and silver.
- Apron, goes over the skirt and knotted at the waist with embroidery in gold or silver thread.
Upper part of the Valencian costume or fallera costume
- Shirt, part of the underwear, covered from the shoulders to below the knee and used to wear lace trims on the neckline as well.
- Chambra, is a tight shirt, sleeveless and also adorned as the top is usually in plain sight.
- Justillo or cos, this is a tight corset, low-cut and sleeveless.
- Jubón, armilla or gipó, upper part of the dress that remains in sight. To match the fabric of the skirt. It is similar to the justillo only that it has sleeves. It can be with long sleeves up to the wrist, three-quarter sleeves or sleeves up to the elbow, the last two adorned with lace.
- Manteleta, is a handkerchief that is placed on the shoulders and crossed in front of the chest. Made of cotton or silk and embroidered to match those of the apron.
- Broche or joia, is a brooch that is placed at the height of the neckline to hold the manteleta.
Hairstyle of the valenciana or fallera
- Earring, in this case we can differentiate that the characteristic of the costume of the 19th century are those of pearl like a cluster of grapes.
- Combs, made of silver or gold brass, are used to hold and adorn the bow. In the case of the rodete(the bow located on each of the temples), those combs smaller than the one on the large bow are called rascamonyos. In the case of the back bow, the largest, the comb is called pinta. The combs are decorated with a characteristic spoon shape.
- Needles are used to hold the bows and are also decorated at the end.
- Mantilla, a white or black piece decorated with lace and embroidery that is placed on the comb or painted for religious events.
Valencian costume or fallero costume
The costume for men or costume of fallero is very different since until the middle of the 20th century there was not a costume of gala for the celebration. The one used in a traditional way has been Torrentíor Saragüell. Nowadays the gala costume has been evolving and undergoing transformations over time. There are many who use it but there are also many who prefer the Torrentíor Saragüell also for gala events.
Chocolate with buñuelos
The festivity of the fallas leaves a city impregnated with smells. It smells of gunpowder and smells of chocolate and buñuelos. In every street there are stalls offering hot chocolate and buñuelos. The most traditional are pumpkin fritters, round and with a hole in the middle, but also have the traditional churros of all life and filled with chocolate or cream.
During the cold days a good way to get strength to continue enjoying the Fallas is to enjoy a good hot chocolate with fritters.
Workshop of Fallas
With this workshop of fallas we put ourselves in the skin of a professional fallero artist.
A unique location
The location could not be better and could not be other than in the same place of work of the fallero artists who fill Valencia with their artistic creations. The Ciudad Fallera neighborhood is the beginning of this adventure.
There are many large industrial units in which they work on these monuments that are part of the World Heritage by Unesco. It is important to point out that it is worked during a whole year to prepare the fallero monuments.
The exceptional thing about this experience is working side by side with a professional artist who devotes all his time to creating the Fallas.
The direct contact with the artist allows to know much more closely the sense of the Fallas. Why do we invest so much effort and money in creating these fallero monuments and in the end burn them.. What is the effort and challenge that these artists face when creating. What materials do they use to make fallas endure in that balance that often seems impossible.
Development of the workshop
Already in the workshop of the fallero artist we began the most manual activity.
After knowing closely the workshop and the professional life of the artistwho will guide us during the Workshop of Fallas we put ourselves to the work.
With the materials that the artist facilitates us, that are with those that he works during the whole year to make the Falla that will be exhibited the day 15 of March in the streets of Valencia, we begin to unleash our creativity.
We will learn that the work of the fallero artist is unique and in him different matters converge. In addition to the artistic part, in which creativity or colorfulness counts, many others come together. Be well informed about current issues to convey a satirical message about it, especially on political issues or heart issues.
In addition, questions about calculating dimensions, weight and structure are very important so that the monument does not fall. It is a fundamental element since it is sought to impress in this sense and that it seems that the elements of the Falla are in suspension. This gives the monument volume and lightness at the same time.
A unique and personal creation
Thanks to this Workshop of Fallas, in addition, it allows us to investigate in ourselves since we are going to materialize our ideas and thoughts through the creation of a ninot.
Cork in hand will give shape to our imagination. To cut, to sand and to paint the cork to take home the best of the memories of this experience in Valencia with the Workshop of Fallas in Valencia.
with this Workshop of Fallas in Valencia What we want is not only to make known the Fallas of Valencia, World Heritage by Unesco, but that you feel the Fallas, that you live them in your own skin, that you feel like an authentic Valencian.